Clinical trials

Heat pain detection treshold.
Mechanical touch detection treshold.
Cold pain detection treshold.
Severe pain at rest.
Severe pain at movement.
Self reported full recovery after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Mean time to full recovery was 3.8 (NSTX) and 5.7 (BUPIVACAINE) days.
Approximately 500,000 laparoscopic cholecystectomies are performed in USA every year.


Therapeutic applications

  • Acute pain

  • Post surgical pain

  • Chronic pain

  • Topical analgesia


  • Achalasia

  • Anal fisure

  • Local infiltration in acidic tissues

  • Others